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Haiti Reconstruction: A once-in-a-century chance for change (March 2010)

Haiti Reconstruction: A once-in-a-century chance for change (March 2010)

by freeform | March 8, 2010
  • Before the earthquake, 80 per cent of Haiti’s population lived on less than $2 per day. In rural areas, the figure was 90 per cent.
  • Nearly 60 per cent of the population was undernourished, and one child in four was stunted as a result.
  • As a result of the earthquake, approximately 1.2 million people are currently living in temporary shelters in the greater Port-au-Prince area.
  • Before the earthquake, only 19 per cent of the population of Haiti had access to improved sanitation. Now, with more than one million people living outside of their homes in cramped conditions, sanitation could be a major factor affecting public health in the rainy season.
  • The earthquake is the largest in proportional impact that any country has ever experienced. It could cost US$13.9bn and take 10 years to rebuild the country.
  • Badly managed, reconstruction will deepen Haiti’s suffering, benefiting the better-off more than the poor, perpetuating inequality, and creating new risks.
  • To ensure successful and effective reconstruction:
    • Haiti’s government and other Haitian institutions must lead the reconstruction
    • As they rebuild, these institutions must be genuinely accountable to all Haitians, including civil society
    • Every Haitian must be given the information they need to make informed decisions on their future

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